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What Are The 7 Elements Of A Story (And Why You Need Them)?

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Being a writer, it is important to have a good understanding of how to write a story, and the elements that need to be included. While anyone can write a story, without including these elements, a story will not be as good as it can be. 

There are 7 elements a writer should add to their story, especially if it is a work of fiction. These 7 elements are:

  1. Characters
  2. Theme
  3. Plot
  4. Setting
  5. Voice
  6. Conflict
  7. Resolution 

These elements are pivotal to the narrative, and are important to include. In this article, I will be talking you through what each element entails, and why they need to be included in a story. 

What Are The 7 Elements Of A Story?

1. Characters

Characters are one of the most important elements. Even the most obscure story will have characters in some shape and form. They are pivotal to the plot and help to drive it forward. There is not a set amount of characters needed, but each character should have its own distinctive persona.

Why Do You Need Characters?

Without characters, your story will not have purpose. This is why characters are an essential part of a story. They help to propel a story forward, and they also help the reader to engage with the plot. 

2. Theme

The theme of a book will vary significantly depending on what the story is about. The themes included can be broad, specific, or there can even be multiple themes included. 

Why Do You Need A Theme?

Themes are important because they allow the reader to understand what the story is about. They compliment the overall plot, and help to solidify a book within specific genres. The theme helps to describe the ideas portrayed within the story, whatever they may be. 

3. Plot

The plot is the most important element to a story. Without the plot, there is no story. There is so much to be considered when it comes to the overarching plot of a book, and it is something that needs careful consideration. When it comes to plot, it is worth looking into the key aspects to a story, and how the plot should be set out.

Why Do You Need A Plot?

Without a plot, there is no story. The plot is the main content of a story, and it is necessary. While you are free to use your own creative input for what the plot will be, it needs to be present. The plot will explain the events of the book and take the reader on a journey through the story. 

4. Setting

The setting is where the story takes place. There can be multiple settings within the book, and there can be smaller settings, such as a house, in addition to the larger world-building.

Why Do You Need Setting?

Setting is important because it grounds the reader. It allows them to have a better understanding of where the story is set, in addition to the time period, and what the world is like. It is great for continuity and solidifying the overall plot.

5. Voice

There are a handful of aspects that the voice encompasses, but ultimately this represents how a story is going to be told. The voice includes the tense you are going to use in the story, and who will be telling it. You can include one narrator, or multiple narratives. 

Why Do You Need A Voice?

You need a voice in order to tell the story. The voice can be used to help enhance the plot, and give readers a better insight and understanding of different characters. It can be divisive when used correctly. 

6. Conflict

Conflict ties in well with the plot. The conflict is an event, or multiple events, that happen within the story. The conflict is typically built up over time, until the plot comes to a climax. 

Why Do You Need Conflict?

A conflict is needed to make the plot interesting. The conflict doesn’t necessarily mean an argument, but rather something that happens that is out of the norm. It keeps the readers intrigued, and it helps to move the story along. 

7. Resolution

The resolution follows on from the conflict. At the end of a book, even when the book is part of an ongoing series, there is some element of resolution. This helps to round off a book, and give the readers an ending to it.

Why Do You Need A Resolution?

The resolution is needed as a follow on from the conflict. Its purpose is to tie all of the loose ends together and round up the story. The resolution doesn’t always have to be positive, but it provides a much-needed ending to a story.


These 7 elements of the story are vital to include, especially if your story is a work of fiction. They help to create a well-rounded story, and without them your story will certainly be lacking. 

When it comes to implementing these 7 elements, there is no set way in which you need to do this. They can be included in the way that best suits the idea you have. 

Author Community 

If you are an author looking to increase the amount of reviews your book has on Amazon, you will want to consider using Author Community. 

It is a free text-messaging based service that provides you with your own, unique, Author Community number. This number can be placed in your book, to encourage readers to engage with the content of your book. 

When they text the free service, they are greeted by the automated messages you can set up, which can provide them an interesting insight into the book. From here, you can prompt them to leave a review of your book on Amazon. This will help to increase the ratings and sales of your book.

If you would like to try out Author Community, you can do so here